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Urogenital Ultrasound

Diagnostic Ultrasound  ›  Urogenital Ultrasounds

Urogenital Ultrasounds

Though medically these cases fall under one system, different ultrasounds are carried out for different aspects of the Genito Urinary System:


These are carried out during an abdominal ultrasound. Here one can find out about:

  • The size and position of kidneys

  • The blood flow to and from the kidneys (Renal Artery Stenosis)

  • Any blockages in the kidneys affecting urine flow

  • Presence of certain stones, especially calcium stones

  • Any tumours


Preparation for a transrectal ultrasound

Same preparations.


This is a separate ultrasound, booked as a scrotal, or testicular ultrasound. This investigates any swelling or pain in the testicles and can:

  • Check for masses

  • Check for fluid collection around the testis (hydrocoele)

  • See cysts in the epididymis (spermatocoele)

  • See large veins in the scrotum (varicocoele)

  • Diagnose testicular cancer

  • Diagnose testicular torsion


Preparation for a testicular ultrasound

No particular preparation required.


The prostate size and volume may be assessed during trans-abdominal ultrasound. This is important when correlating with the PSA measured in the patient's blood.

Preparation for prostate ultrasound

No particular preparation required.


The bladder stores urine until it is released when you go to the bathroom. The most common reason for the bladder ultrasound is to check for bladder draining, the so-called post void Residual Urine. This measures the amount of urine that was not able to be passed out. This is an important measurement and indicates an enlarged prostate, urethral narrowing or bladder dysfunction.

The bladder ultrasound is carried out like a normal abdominal x-ray. Other things that can be assessed during the ultrasound include:

  • The bladder wall, thickness, irregularities

  • Diverticula (pouches) of the bladder

  • Prostate size

  • Stones

  • Large tumours in the bladder


Preparation for a bladder ultrasound

The bladder has to be full. You must drink some water an hour before the examination.

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