Diagnostic Ultrasound › Pelvic Ultrasounds
Pelvic ultrasounds have several uses.
Ultrasonography can assess the ovaries, check ovarian size, monitor cysts whether pathological or follicular or polycystic ovaries, as well as lumps or growths in the ovaries.
Ultrasounds to assess the uterus, its position, size, shape, thickness of internal (endometrial) lining, presence of fibroids and monitoring of their size, etc. Ultrasound can also detect growths or cysts in the fallopian tubes. It is also of use in confirming the presence and correct positioning of intrauterine contraceptive devices.
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Ultrasound can also be a useful tool in diagnosing pelvic inflammatory disease, a potentially serious infection deep in the pelvis which if left untreated could have repercussions on one's fertility in the future.
PREPARATION REQUIRED FOR A PELVIC ULTRASOUND:
There are two options for a pelvic ultrasound. One can choose from a transabdominal (external) probe and a transvaginal (internal) probe. If you choose the traditional external probe you must drink 2 litres of water 2 hours before the procedure, keeping in mind not to void the bladder in the meantime. Poor preparation risks leading to a sub-optimal scan, and delays in the examination. On the other hand, if you choose the internal probe, no such preparation is necessary.
Note: pelvic ultrasonography has uses in males too. Bladder and stones may be seen, an idea of the prostate size can be made, and pelvic masses also detectable.